Skill Checkup: Male With Dyspnea, Cough, and Fever

2022-11-08 20:41:50 By : Ms. YING ZHENG

The Skill Checkup series provides a quick, case-style interactive quiz, highlighting key guideline- and evidence-based information to inform clinical practice.

A 17-year-old male patient in Europe presents with shortness of breath, cough with green sputum, and headache. He is having difficulty speaking in full sentences owing to dyspnea. Symptom onset was 8 days ago. The patient has a 9-year history of asthma which progressed to severe 7 years ago and is currently managed with biologic therapy. Having spent so much time indoors during the pandemic, the patient believed that his allergies were bothering him; his asthma symptoms have been made worse with the heavy use of disinfectant in the house. Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase

Skill  Checkup: Male With Dyspnea, Cough, and Fever

Over the past few days, the patient has begun to experience difficulty breathing, even when resting. The patient was vaccinated for coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) 10 months ago but has not received a booster shot. Pulmonary auscultation is significant for diffuse sibilant rales on anterior and posterior of the lungs. Body temperature is 37.2°C (99°F), heart rate is 110 per minute, respiratory rate is 38 per minute, and oxygen saturation is 88%. Initial leukocyte, lymphocyte, eosinophil, and platelet counts are slightly decreased. Aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase levels are elevated. Serum immunoglobulins are high. Polymerase chain reaction tests for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were detected positive by nasopharyngeal swabs.

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Any views expressed above are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect the views of WebMD or Medscape.

Cite this: Enrico Brunetti. Skill Checkup: A 17-Year-Old Male With Shortness of Breath, Cough With Green Sputum, Headache, and Low-Grade Fever - Medscape - Nov 07, 2022.

Associate Professor of Infectious Diseases, Director, Postgraduate Training Program in Infectious and Tropical Diseases, University of Pavia; Co-Director, WHO Collaborating Center for Clinical Management of Cystic Echinococcosis; Staff Physician, Infectious Diseases, San Matteo Hospital Foundation, Pavia, Italy Enrico Brunetti, MD, serve(d) as a member of the following medical societies: American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Disclosure: Enrico Brunetti, MD, has disclosed no relevant financial relationships.

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